Experience has shown that water treated by the Hydrozonix process can be pumped at lower pressures than untreated fluids. This is due to the way mass transfer is used to control residual oxidation in combination with the use of ozone, which has a relatively short half-life. Other oxidants provide longer half-lives combined with less mass transfer, which leads to residual oxidation that consumes friction reducers. While other oxidants create a compatibility concern, the Hydrozonix process, through micro-bubbles, improves compatibility with friction reducers. We don’t just eliminate the compatibility concern, we also reduce the friction factor of the water. As a result, operators have been able to lower friction reducers by more than 20% in their frac fluid formulations (see Figure 1).